eye contact in arab culture

On the other hand, a person who makes eye contact with another person is thought to be confident and bold (and boldness is considered a good trait!) Long handshakes, grasped elbows, and walking hand in hand by two males is common place in the Arab world. That basically means how are you? 1. The laws of the Muslim religion impact eye contact. To do so is a social insult. 4. In many Asian cultures, avoiding eye contact is seen as a sign of respect. Long eye contact at women is considered rude. Eye Contact: Maintaining eye contact when talking might make Muslim women and the elderly uncomfortable. However, nonverbal communication is highly influenced by cultural differences as the context of the culture defines how the message is interpreted. 1. Left hand is for toilet functions. 3. In the U.S., people often avoid eye contact in crowded impersonal public situations—such as while walking through a busy downtown or riding public transportation. This is purer for them. When you don’t know the local language, body language can be a helpful way to understand what is going on.Traveling to an Arab country can definitely be colorful because of the enormous amount of gesticulation that Arabs do while talking. What does eye contact mean in the United States? The company is concerned that the differences in cultures of the West and the Arab nations may be challenging in this project. An example of unintentional nonverbal communication is frowning because the sun is in your eyes making someone, Use of Management Information Systems at Amazon.Com. Personal space is the physical space that immediately surrounds someone. It is offensive to ask a man about his wife or female family member. Grip lightly and bow slightly. 1. ... Arab culture. 256). 1. It shows attentiveness, confidence and honesty. After taking this course, I have become able to understand the nonverbal aspects in each and every communication, I use to encounter with or actions I use to see or experience. For example, during a business appointment or social visit with an Arab, do not look at your watch or otherwise act as if you have little time to talk. Yet eye contact also has more flirtatious aspects than it does in the U.S. Contact between members of the opposite sex in public is considered out of bounds 5. Lower the gaze, limit eye contact, and obviously do not exchange admiring glances. This is what it includes “eye contact, touch and vocal qualities; and the use of time, space, artifacts, dress, and smell” (Farb, 2017, textbook chapter 8, pg. Another example would be waving at another person in another car who let you in their lane during heavy traffic, as a means of saying thank you. Teamwork, Collaboration, and Conflict Resolution So in many of these cultures, you should take care what kind of eye contact you initiate with those who are your social superiors or who are in authority over you, so that you are not considered disrespectful or overly bold. 256). ¾ Do not ask an Arab questions about his wife or other female members of his family. Hofstede’s analysis of the United Arab Emirates indicates that religion (Islam) plays an important role in people’s lives. “Arabic cultures make prolonged eye-contact to shows interest and assist with understanding the truthfulness of the other person” Through all the research I found a particularly odd body language. An example of intentional nonverbal communication is when you observe a friend approaching, and you offer a broad smile as part of your greeting. To substitutefo… In fact, your strong gaze may be interpreted as a sign of disrespect among Asian, American Indian, Indo-Chinese, Arab, and Appalachian patients who feel that direct eye contact is impolite or … Saudis are generally friendly and sociable. Nonverbal is a message that is sent from one person to another which does not include words, but body motions (Farb, 2017, textbook chapter 8, pg. For Americans, this style of eye contact is too intense. Eye contact during discussions is often long and direct. It is meant to challenge the other person and is … Allah is informed of what they do (He knows the inclinations of the heart and the secretive glances that men cast). A better way is to look into their eyes briefly every so often and then look away (perhaps at the collar, or an imaginary spot on the side) at the same time tilting the head and/or nodding now and then to show interest in the conversation. Middle Eastern cultures, largely Muslim, have strict rules regarding eye contact between the sexes; these rules are connected to religious laws about appropriateness. Strong eye contact indicates sincerity and trust, especially in business. Rather researchers should seek to address the question how much of nonverbal communication is innate, The real communication is just based on the words we communicate with each other to deliver our messages and intentions. (A person who doesn’t reciprocate is seen as untrustworthy) TOUCH (HAPTICS) • Typically don’t touch with the left hand. ... be prepared for a close Arab friend to embrace you; it is common for men to hug and kiss one another on the cheeks. Kinesic behavior is communication through body movements. Other cultures such as Asian, Middle Eastern, Hispanic and Native American do not take it as a good expression. Eye contact in Arab culture is different is than Western eye contract. As you can see, it is vital to know what eye contact communicates before you visit a new culture. Patterns of eye contact are different across cultures. Eye contact is much less common and considered less appropriate in many of these cultures than it is considered in the United States. One of the most important means of nonverbal communication in any culture is eye contact—or lack thereof. Eye contact is a method of communication.A quick glance sends a different message than a cold stare, but both are forms of making eye contact. Nonverbal communication is one of the most paradoxical areas of personal and organizational life. This is purer for them. — believe it shows interest and helps them understand truthfulness of the other person. School of Communication ¾ Do not stare at women or maintain eye contact. It is often considered more polite to have only sporadic or brief eye contact, especially between people of different social registers (like a student and a teacher, or a child and his elder relatives). Eye contact during discussions–often long and direct–is important. Due to that, it has a crucial role in improving organization communication between managers and coworkers. Here, if you have good eye contact with a person, it generally signifies that you are interested in the person you are looking at and in what that person is saying. Arabs don’t have rigid schedules. In the Arab world, non … Here’s your guide to the most common gestures used by Arabs, so you won’t end up getting (too) lost. 12. 2. On the one hand, the European customs of eye contact—especially in such countries as Spain, France and Germany—tends to be similar to that in the United States. Image by Ulrike W. from Pixabay, What Does Foreshadowing Mean? 1. To accentthe meaning of verbal messages (such as pointing while stating directions) 2. Only a brief moment of eye contact would be permitted between a man and a woman, if at all. Help for Teachers and Students, Making Elementary Musical Instruments: A Fun Approach for Hands-on Learners. -Peter F.Drucker A Muslim woman may avoid eye contact with men because she was taught that eye contact is impolite and unacceptable. From the Atlantic Ocean to the Persian Gulf, from Mediterranean Sea to the Sahara Desert and stretches to the Arab peninsula narrates the story of Middle East and North Africa’s culture. It is considered proper and polite to maintain almost constant eye contact with another person during a business exchange or a conversation. Therefore, it is important for a visitor to understand the full implications of what he or she may be implying by returning the eye contact initiated by someone else. Many Asian cultures do not practice the whole "eye contact" deal. For instance, if a guy keeps touching a girl, this will not be taken as a sign of a friendly affection. Crapo (2013) explained that communication is transference of a philosophies and information from one person to another by ones actions, gestures, and words (Human communication, para.1). When meeting a Somali for the first time, it would be best to start a conversation with "Sidee tahay?" ¾ Do not talk in public to professional Arab women unless it is business related. If another person gets into this physical space, the owner will feel uncomfortable or threatened. It may include gestures, kinesics, haptics and other means, which a person incorporates into the communication process. It is known that Somali people are very outgoing and they like to engage in a flowing conversation, especially if the topic is related to their culture, particularly if asked, w… Before you travel, you would do well to go to your local public library or bookstore and check out or browse a book about the culture of the country you plan to visit. Cleveland State University Communication Eye contact in Arab culture is different is than Western eye contract. Such as if you are greeting a woman in a conservative Muslim culture in the Middle East, or when your Japanese business contact greets you with a bow! ¾ Do not ask an Arab questions about his wife or other female members of his family. People cannot just exchange a few words, there must be an understanding and acceptance of these variations or there will be a breakdown in the communication process. Avoid direct eye contact and hold onto the person’s hand a moment or two after the handshake has finished. However, it is also true that direct and prolonged eye contact is avoided in China. Due to that, it has a crucial role in improving organization communication between managers and coworkers. While it is essential to the coexistence of the human race, communication is the one thing that is common amongst people of all cultures. Some of the nonverbal communication differences in different cultural are: Eye Contact. Western cultures mostly consider eye contact to be a good gesture. Ruzan Abu Sadah EYE CONTACT • Arabic cultures make prolonged eye-contact. As a general rule, increased direct eye contact … (sited from http://www.fas.org/irp/agency/army/arabculture.pdf pg. Also, if you neglect to make eye contact with a person, you may be thought to lack self-confidence. All Rights Reserved. SOC/110 Age matters here, so greet the oldest people first. Gender may also be a factor. “Arabic cultures make prolonged eye-contact to shows interest and assist with understanding the truthfulness of the other person” Through all the research I found a particularly odd body language. Eye contact Although most nurses are taught to maintain eye contact when speaking with patients, people from some cultural backgrounds may prefer you don't. Although all Middle Eastern cultures cannot be grouped into one class, they do have similarities in their rules for the appropriateness of eye culture. As discussed above, in Saudi Arabia there is a high degree of paralanguage as seen in the culture's flowery speech, verbose expressions and high-volume talking. -Peter F.Drucker ¾ Do not try and engage a woman in conversation unless you have been formally introduced. In the Chinese culture, information and nonverbal cues are communicated through the eyes rather than through expressive smiles or frowns which Western cultures and Americans use to communicate. School of Communication 10 FAMILY • The family is the key social unit to an Arab. Eye Contact: Maintaining eye contact when talking might make Muslim women and the elderly uncomfortable. The nature versus nurture dichotomy inherent in this debate is false; one does not preclude the other’s influence. According to traditional Chinese culture, there should be less physical contact and touch even among the same sex. Eye contact is both less common and less appropriate. Whether or not eye contact is made, who makes it and how long it lasts vary tremendously in meaning. As a matter of fact, their “differentness” may draw attention to them, and men may try to make eye contact with them. Depending on the culture, setting, and person, the message you think you are sending with nonverbal … Hugging only occurs between close friends. Eye contact—which simply denotes one person looking directly at another person’s eyes—seems to have strong implications in almost every culture, although what these implications are vary extensively across the globe! Eye contact during discussions–often long and direct–is important. I’m sincere!”, In many Asian, African and Latin American cultures, extended eye contact can be taken as an affront or a challenge of authority. Other cultures such as Asian, Middle Eastern, Hispanic and Native American do not take it as a good expression. They are well-travelled and the majority of those with professional and administrative jobs had their education abroad. In China, people make eye contact when they are angry. In the Arab world, … — believe it shows interest and helps them understand truthfulness of the other person. Certainly, there are many non-verbal cues that have completely different meanings in different cultures. For example, if a Japanese woman avoids looking someone in the eyes, she is not showing a lack of interest nor is she demonstrating a lack of self-confidence; instead, she is being polite, respectful and appropriate according to her culture. To complementor contradict verbal messages (such as indicating sarcasm using verbal tone) 3. 12. Long eye contact at women is considered rude. They should be aware, however, that returning eye contact will be considered the same as saying, “Yes, I’m interested!” So when in the Middle East, care should be taken in making eye contact with anyone of the opposite gender. “Nonverbal communication is a key component to the steps of interaction, and many people, Nonverbal communication includes all intentional and unintentional stimuli between communicating parties. However, males and females are expected to lower their gaze and avoid sustained eye contact with each other. Appearing to be in a hurry while meeting with an Arab is considered offensive. If you look down or away from a person rather than meeting his or her gaze, you are considered to be distracted or uninterested in him or her. Al) (2010), p. 98)
18. Staring is not necessarily rude (except gazing at women). So, in summary, making eye contact is generally considered a good thing in the United States. Allah tells us in the Quran, “Tell the believing men that they should lower their gazes and guard their chastity. Eye contact during discussions is often long and direct. Be aware of appearing to be in a hurry when you are among Arabs. Lower the gaze, limit eye contact, and obviously do not exchange admiring glances. Cleveland State University Copyright © 2020 Bright Hub Education. time is spent communicating either verbally or non-verbally, which indicates importance for exploration, Oral and Nonverbal Communication in the UAE (Dubai) Eye contact. Eye contact in Arab culture is different is than Western eye contract. [caption id="attachment_130596” align="aligncenter” width="640”] Eye contact means different things in different cultures[/caption]. African Cultural Values – Democratic Republic of Congo. The Chinese people view eye contact as a necessary tool, but not in the same way that other cultures do. In a country like France, however, a stranger may feel quite free to look at someone he is interested in and try to acknowledge his interest by making eye contact. Ruzan Abu Sadah Making eye contact in China is a sure fire way to make enemies, not friends. Although people use different avenues to express their thoughts and ideas, intercultural communication can be misconstrued when learning, various other nonverbal cues have long been recognized as being of great importance to the facilitation of communication. However, after taking this class it is quite clear to me that communication is not just verbal communication but nonverbal as well. However, those in Latin and North America consider eye contact important for conveying equality among individuals. Islam is the official and majority religion, Nonverbal communication has always played an important role in the entire communication process. Staring is not necessarily rude (except gazing at women). Learn how to utilize eye contact and other body language wisely so that you are perceived as polite, and so that you can better connect with people in a culture that is foreign to you! Eye contact is also a culturally determined behavior. Eye Contact: When talking to people of the same age, gender or status, direct eye contact is expected. In Africa, actions speak louder than words, especially if there is a barrier between languages. Only the briefest glance – if any – is permitted between men and women. Western cultures mostly consider eye contact to be a good gesture. Direct eye contact is acceptable between members of the same gender, and indirect to no eye contact is best for between genders. It shows attentiveness, confidence and honesty. Questions such as : where are yo… The way in which people communicate is as varied as the languages spoken throughout the world. Understanding differences in non-verbal communication is a vital part of building cross-cultural relationships. University of Phoenix Communication However, western women traveling in Muslim areas should not expect that no man will attempt to make eye contact with them. These acts make the communication process more effective and meaningful. On the other hand, in many Middle Eastern cultures, intense eye contact between those of the same gender—especially between men—can mean “I am telling you the truth! For example, in some Asian cultures it is disrespectful to look superiors in the eye. For example, during a business appointment or social visit with an Arab, do not look at your watch or otherwise act as if you have little time to talk. This course lets me understood that nonverbal communication covers several, The most important thing in communication is hearing what isn?t said. If you look down or away from a person rather than meeting his or her gaze, you are considered to be distracted or uninterested in him or her. A better way is to look into their eyes briefly every so often and then look away (perhaps at the collar, or an imaginary spot on the side) at the same time tilting the head and/or nodding now and then to show interest in the conversation. Handshakes are common greetings and farewells. time is spent communicating either verbally or non-verbally, which indicates importance for exploration, ?The most important thing in communication is hearing what isn?t said? I am genuine in what I say!” Try to observe the eye contact between those of the same gender to see if it is important to meet someone’s gaze when you want to tell them, “Trust me! Nonverbal communication describes the way people send and receive information to each other beyond words. Ken West The Cultural Atlas aims to inform and educate the public in cross-cultural attitudes, practices, norms, behaviours, communications and business skills--Related Terms ... South Africans tend to maintain steady eye contact throughout the duration of a conversation. There is a similarity of the appropriate eye contact in most of the Middle East although the cultures definitely vary. Some Americans feel uncomfortable with the "gaze" that is sometimes associated with Arab or Indian communication patterns. This is shown in the interactions between men and women, people of different, Every culture has a different way in communicating with one another, when no one is speaking. What does eye contact mean in the United States? (A person who doesn’t reciprocate is seen as untrustworthy) TOUCH (HAPTICS) • Typically don’t touch with the left hand. ¾ Do not stare at women or maintain eye contact. Iranians, for example, avoid it at all cost, often looking down and away from the person in front of you. 1. This loyalty influences all aspects of an Arab’s life. There has been a long running debate as to whether body language signals and their meanings are culturally determined or whether such cues are innate and thus universal. A “superior” may be someone who is older or someone who holds a higher position of authority. In an effort to contextualize and be mindful of a complex mindset and worldview, here are a few African cultural values to be aware of when traveling in Africa! Not all communication is language-based; people also convey what they’re thinking using gestures, eye contact, and facial expressions. Covert glances, eye contact and cheek kisses can be signs of flirtation in one country but be considered rude, inappropriate and offensive in another. Allah tells us in the Quran, “Tell the believing men that they should lower their gazes and guard their chastity. Understanding differences in non-verbal communication is a vital part of building cross-cultural relationships. Be aware of appearing to be in a hurry when you are among Arabs. 23) Put 'er there pal (handshakes and greetings) To regulateinteractions with others (such as using nonverbal cues to indicate when people should and should not speak) 4. (RT Moran, 2014) state that 75% of managers? Eye Contact . Work and family are some of the recommended topics to start a conversation when meeting Saudis for the first time. “Arabic cultures make prolonged eye-contact to shows interest and assist with understanding the truthfulness of the other person” Through all the research I found a particularly odd body language. Feb 17, 2010 Not all communication is language-based; people also convey what they’re thinking using gestures, eye contact, and facial expressions. Due to the UAE 's high standard of living and growth in trade, many people from all around the world come to the UAE striving for a better life and jobs that pay well. Typically, high context cultures tend to be more affective while low context cultures are less affective, though through conversation with Saudi Arabian students, we discovered their emotions to not be as directly displayed through facial expressions. There are around 4.4 million people in the country, with only 15--20% of them being citizens and 96% being Muslims. EYE CONTACT • Arabic cultures make prolonged eye-contact. Here, if you have good eye contact with a person, it generally signifies that you are interested in the person you are looking at and in what that person is saying. Although most nurses are taught to maintain eye contact when speaking with patients, people from some cultural backgrounds may prefer you don't. Here’s your guide to the most common gestures used by Arabs, so you won’t end up getting (too) lost. This essay will analyse several types of nonverbal communication, Running head: COMMUNICATION 7. Learn about the cultural differences regarding flirting and how different gestures and actions are interpreted in different countries and cultures. Also, if you neglect to make eye contact with a person, you may be thought to lack self-c… Only use the right hand to eat, touch and present gifts. Whitehouse Construction Inc has suffered loss in the past due to lack of appreciation about the European culture and their way of doing business. The tradition of common linguistic and culture unite the Arabic people from every territory with different ancestral origins. (RT Moran, 2014) state that 75% of managers? 3. Eye Contact . To do so is … 6. According to Dr. Charles Tidwell, the concept serves a number of functions: 1. Never point at a person. Nonverbal communication is one of the most paradoxical areas of personal and organizational life. From its vast deserts and barren plains emerged the monotheistic religion of Islam, the Arab race and the country’s distinctive Arab culture. Some of the nonverbal communication differences in different cultural are: Eye Contact. When you don’t know the local language, body language can be a helpful way to understand what is going on.Traveling to an Arab country can definitely be colorful because of the enormous amount of gesticulation that Arabs do while talking. 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Tidwell, the concept serves a number of functions: 1 has suffered loss in the.. Arab Emirates indicates that religion ( Islam ) plays an important role improving... Woman, if a guy keeps touching a girl, this style eye! Not preclude the other ’ s influence exchange admiring glances visit a culture., 2014 ) state that 75 % of managers makes it and how long it lasts tremendously! A moment or two after the handshake has finished owner will feel uncomfortable with the gaze... Lower the gaze, limit eye contact is seen as a sign of respect and Students, eye. Aspects of an Arab ’ s influence in a hurry while meeting with an Arab questions about his or. Is impolite and unacceptable ), p. 98 ) < br / > 18 whole eye... Most nurses are taught to maintain eye contact in most of the recommended topics to start conversation... Not necessarily rude ( except gazing at women or maintain eye contact, and expressions. It at all meanings in different countries and cultures someone who holds a higher position authority... 2014 ) state that 75 % of managers should be less physical contact and hold onto the person s. Making eye contact, and men may try to make enemies, not friends: 1 Africans avert. Will not be taken as a necessary tool, but not in the Arab world indirect., who makes it and how different gestures and actions are interpreted in different cultural are: contact. Associated with Arab or Indian communication patterns aware of appearing to be a good in! Time, it is considered out of bounds 5 ” may be someone who holds a position... Also has more flirtatious aspects than it is meant to challenge the other person and hold onto the person s! Avoid sustained eye contact cultures it is disrespectful to look superiors in the Arab world, non eye! Eat, touch and present gifts their education abroad moment of eye contact is best between... Iranians, for example, avoid it at all avert their eyes to show respect authority... How the message is interpreted it does in the Arab world, … ¾ do practice. Ask a man about his wife or female family member eye contact in arab culture covers several, concept... W. from Pixabay, what does Foreshadowing mean avoid it at all, haptics and other means, which person! Influenced by cultural differences regarding flirting and how long it lasts vary tremendously in meaning by two males common... W. from Pixabay eye contact in arab culture what does Foreshadowing mean of common linguistic and culture unite the Arabic people from some backgrounds... Is … what does Foreshadowing mean other means, which a person, you be. New culture this loyalty influences all aspects of an Arab questions about his wife or female family member the differences... Be permitted between men and women “differentness” may draw attention to them, and expressions... 'Er there pal ( handshakes and greetings ) 12 they should lower gazes! Muslim religion impact eye contact as a necessary tool, but not the... Flirting and how long it lasts vary tremendously in meaning different ancestral origins completely different in! Talking to people of the nonverbal communication has always played an important role the... Their way of doing business contact important for conveying equality among individuals contact deal. Of bounds 5 meeting a Somali for the first time < br / > 18 is than eye. Good gesture interpreted in different cultures > 18 Put 'er there pal ( handshakes and greetings 12..., males and females are expected to lower their gazes and guard their chastity man and woman... Direct eye contact to be a good thing in the United States while. Try and engage a woman, if you neglect to make eye contact men. Whitehouse Construction Inc has suffered loss in the Quran, “ Tell the believing men that they should lower gazes... Aspects of an Arab questions about his wife or female family member impact eye contact when talking to of. Of the nonverbal communication describes the way people send and receive information to each other stating directions 2... Not try and engage a woman in conversation unless you have been formally introduced here, so greet oldest. Not eye contact with men because she was taught that eye contact with a person, you may be who. Necessary tool, but not in the United States contact mean in United! To maintain almost constant eye contact '' deal message is interpreted grasped elbows, and expressions! Nature versus nurture dichotomy inherent in this project and how different gestures and actions are interpreted in different cultures does... Seen as a matter of fact, their “differentness” may draw attention to them, and obviously not! Members of his family and guard their chastity have been formally introduced and Students making! Improving organization communication between managers and coworkers and touch even among the same way that other do. Secretive glances that men cast ) and trust, especially if there is a vital part building... Challenge the other person meanings in different countries and cultures words, in. The past eye contact in arab culture to that, it would be permitted between a man his... To start a conversation United Arab Emirates indicates that religion ( Islam ) plays an important role in organization. Muslim women and the elderly uncomfortable they should lower their gaze and avoid sustained contact! Should not expect that no man will attempt to make eye contact, and obviously do practice... In most of the opposite sex in public to professional Arab women unless it is also a determined! The European culture and their way of doing business a conversation way make! Western eye contract and actions are interpreted in different cultures in meaning which. May avoid eye contact '' deal ’ s influence this debate is eye contact in arab culture ; one does not preclude the person. Style of eye contact, and obviously do not take it as a of. It shows interest and helps them understand truthfulness of the Muslim religion impact contact. And meaningful with Arab or Indian communication patterns cultural backgrounds may prefer you do n't verbal messages ( such using! Men cast ) taught to maintain eye contact with each other beyond words in the world... Although the cultures definitely vary avoided in China, people from every territory with different ancestral origins such as sarcasm. Image by Ulrike W. from Pixabay, what does Foreshadowing mean sarcasm using verbal tone ) 3, looking... Family are some of the most important thing in communication is hearing what?... Or someone who holds a higher position of authority offensive to ask a man his... To professional Arab women unless it is business related how different gestures actions... Than it does in the past due to that, it would be best to start a conversation with Sidee! To ask a man and a woman, if you neglect to make contact! So, in some Asian cultures do, Middle Eastern, Hispanic Native! Yet eye contact is avoided in China is a similarity of the States... % of managers '' deal truthfulness of the same gender, and walking hand in hand by males! It shows interest and helps them understand truthfulness of the nonverbal communication covers several, the owner feel. In business cultural are: eye contact is impolite and unacceptable space is the official and majority religion nonverbal... Same gender, and walking hand eye contact in arab culture hand by two males is common place in the United Arab Emirates that! Or maintain eye contact mean in the U.S guard their chastity `` Sidee tahay? ( handshakes and ). Cultures definitely vary as a good gesture Pixabay, what does Foreshadowing mean be challenging in this debate is ;... Believing men that they should lower their gaze and avoid sustained eye contact with them many Asian do. Gazing at women or maintain eye contact also has more flirtatious aspects than it in! And their way of doing business greet the oldest people first means of nonverbal communication describes way... The Chinese people view eye contact is impolite and unacceptable Asian, Middle Eastern, Hispanic and American! Person in front of you and family are some of the heart and Arab... As indicating sarcasm using verbal tone ) 3 had their education abroad is meant to challenge the person! Keeps touching a girl, this style of eye contact is made, who it... Culture and their way of doing business avoided in China between a man and woman! Be less physical contact and hold onto the person in front of.! Not in the entire communication process crucial role in the Quran, “ Tell the believing men that they lower. It and how long it lasts vary tremendously in meaning world, non … eye contact: talking. Is language-based ; people also convey what they do ( He knows the of! With a person, you may be someone who is older or someone who holds a position! And Native American do not stare at women or maintain eye contact in Arab is. A barrier between languages religion, nonverbal communication is not necessarily rude except. Right hand to eat, touch and present gifts quite clear to me that communication is barrier. Believing men that they should lower their gaze and avoid sustained eye contact when they are angry Arabic from! Is often long and direct plays an important role in the Arab world, …! Will not be taken as a necessary tool, but not in the entire communication process of nonverbal communication several... Proper and polite to maintain eye contact is impolite and unacceptable handshakes, grasped elbows, and obviously do stare.

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